Perhaps it was no coincidence that in 1983 a Scandinavian, Norwegian doctor Gro Harlem Brundtland (then Prime Minister of Norway), had the responsibility to lead the “World Commission on Environment and Development” convened by UN. This commission, also called Brundtland Commission in honor of Brundtland, aimed to address the growing problem of environmental degradation and the depletion of natural resources with the consequent deterioration of economic and social conditions. In 1987, the commission published the renowned “Brundtland Report” (also called “Our Common Future”), which provided the globally used definition of sustainable development: “Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the capacities of future generations for meet their own needs “.
Scandinavia, a region comprising Sweden, Norway and Denmark, is considered the world leader and pioneer in promotion and implementation of environmental policies and practices aimed to generate the conditions of a green economy. The Scandinavian countries are at the top of the Global Green Economy Index (GGEI), an indicator that measures the degree of development and success of countries in the implementation of sustainable policies and practices.
The reasons for the success of the Scandinavian environmental model are varied: the region has abundant natural resources, law risk of catastrophes and has the highest human development index in the world according to UN measurements. In addition, it has a long history of experiments and trials on sustainable development. Although not all trials have been implemented in real-life, these experiences have been useful to obtain valuable lessons. Scandinavia has made remarkable progress in solving environmental problems. For example, low pollution rates, green and safe cities and a genuine commitment from all social sectors to create a prosperous and environmentally friendly economy.
In conclusion, Scandinavia’s advanced level of development in the green economy, both public and private, is a good starting point for analyzing and obtaining information and also valuable experiences that can be adapted locally to particular contexts and situations. The objective of the region is clear: to promote a modern economy, which encourages innovation and development. An economy that not only improves the well-being of people and reduces inequalities, but also reduces environmental risks and protects ecological diversity.